Create the Classic Snake Game With Processing Library and Java

Create the Classic Snake Game With Processing Library and Java


The conventional Snake game is a popular and addictive arcade sport where the participant controls a developing snake, guiding it to eat meals whilst fending off collisions with partitions and its own body. In this article, we can discover how to create this game the usage of the Processing library in Java. Processing is a versatile software sketchbook and a language for studying the way to code in the context of visible arts.


To observe together with this educational, you may need:

  1. Java Development Kit (JDK) hooked up to your device.
  2. Processing library hooked up.

Setting up the Project

Let’s begin through putting in place a new Processing venture to paintings on our Snake game.

  1. Install the Processing library by downloading it from the respectable internet site (https://processing.Org/download/).
  2. Create a new Java report in your chosen improvement surroundings (e.G., Eclipse, IntelliJ, or any text editor).
  3. Import the necessary Processing library on your Java report:
import processing.core.PApplet;
  1. Create a class that extends the PApplet class provided by the Processing library:
public class SnakeGame extends PApplet {
    // Game logic goes here
  1. Implement the required methods for the PApplet class, such as settings(), setup(), draw(), and keyPressed():
public void settings() {
    // Set the size of the game window
    size(400, 400);

public void setup() {
    // Initialize the game objects and variables

public void draw() {
    // Update and render the game

public void keyPressed() {
    // Handle key presses

Setting up the Game Grid

Before we start implementing the game logic, we need to set up a grid system that represents the game area. Each cell in the grid will have a fixed size, which will be used for rendering the snake, food, and other game elements.

  1. Declare two variables, gridSize, and rows and cols, to represent the size of each grid cell and the number of rows and columns in the grid:
private int gridSize = 20;
private int rows, cols;
  1. In the settings() method, calculate the number of rows and columns based on the game window’s size and the grid size:
public void settings() {
    size(400, 400);
    rows = height / gridSize;
    cols = width / gridSize;
  1. In the setup() method, set up the initial state of the game, including initializing the snake and placing the food:
public void setup() {
    frameRate(10); // Game speed

    // Initialize the snake object
    snake = new Snake();

    // Place the initial food
  1. Implement the drawGrid() method to render the grid lines:
private void drawGrid() {
    for (int i = 0; i < rows; i++) {
        line(0, i * gridSize, width, i * gridSize);
    for (int i = 0; i < cols; i++) {
        line(i * gridSize, 0, i * gridSize, height);
  1. Call the drawGrid() method within the draw() method to render the grid lines:

public void draw() {
background(0); // Clear the background

// Game logic goes here

drawGrid(); // Render the grid lines

// Render the game objects

Implementing the Snake

Now let’s focus on implementing the snake object and its behavior.

Create a nested class called Snake inside the SnakeGame class:

class Snake {
// Snake logic goes here
Inside the Snake class, define constants for the four directions: UP, DOWN, LEFT, and RIGHT.

static final int UP = 0;
static final int DOWN = 1;
static final int LEFT = 2;
static final int RIGHT = 3;
Declare instance variables for the snake’s direction, whether it’s alive or not, its length, and the arrays to store its x and y positions:

private int direction;
private boolean alive;
private int length;
private int[] x;
private int[] y;
Implement the necessary methods for the Snake class, such as the constructor, update(), setDirection(), getDirection(), isAlive(), getLength(), getX(), getY(), grow(), and isSelfColliding().

Inside the drawSnake() method, iterate over the x and y arrays and draw rectangles for each segment of the snake using the rect() function.

private void drawSnake() {

for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
int x = this.x[i] * gridSize;
int y = this.y[i] * gridSize;
rect(x, y, gridSize, gridSize);

Implementing Food Placement and Collision

Let’s implement the food placement logic and handle collisions between the snake and the food or the game boundaries.

Declare two variables, foodX and foodY, to store the coordinates of the food.

private int foodX, foodY;
Implement the placeFood() method to randomly place the food within the game grid.

private void placeFood() {
foodX = (int) random(cols);
foodY = (int) random(rows);
Implement the drawFood() method to render the food on the grid.

private void drawFood() {
fill(255, 0, 0);
rect(foodX * gridSize, foodY * gridSize, gridSize, gridSize);
Implement the checkCollisions() method to handle collisions between the snake and the food or the game boundaries.

private void checkCollisions() {
int headX = x[0];
int headY = y[0];

// Check collision with food
if (headX == foodX && headY == foodY) {

// Check collision with boundaries
if (headX < 0 || headY < 0 || headX >= cols || headY >= rows || isSelfColliding()) {
alive = false;
Implement the gameOver() method to display a “Game Over” message on the screen when the snake dies.

private void gameOver() {
textAlign(CENTER, CENTER);


Creating the classic Snake sport with the use of the Processing library and Java is a laugh and educational mission for beginners to study recreation improvement concepts. While Processing has its obstacles in phrases of pictures competencies and performance, it affords a user-friendly environment for innovative coding and lets in for personalization and experimentation. By following the steps mentioned in this text, you can create your very own version of the Snake recreation and make bigger upon it to make it even greater enticing and difficult.


  1. Simple and Fun: The Snake game is a classic and enjoyable recreation that may be implemented pretty effortlessly with the usage of Processing and Java.
  2. Educational: Developing a sport like Snake helps novices research essential programming standards including recreation common sense, enter dealing with, collision detection, and rendering photos.
  3. Flexibility: Processing offers bendy and interactive surroundings for creative coding, permitting you to test and decorate the game with additional features and visual consequences.
  4. Cross-Platform: Processing is well-matched with multiple structures, such as Windows, macOS, and Linux, ensuring your game may be performed on numerous gadgets.


  1. Limited Graphics Capabilities: While Processing is notable for simple 2D video games like Snake, it may not be suitable for complex 3-d games or games with advanced graphical outcomes.
  2. Performance Constraints: Processing is mainly designed for visible arts and innovative coding, so if you have overall performance-in-depth requirements, you could want to recollect different frameworks or languages.


Q: Can I customize the sport’s look, including the snake’s coloration or the sport window’s format?

A: Yes, Processing offers numerous features and methods for customizing the sport’s visible elements. You can exchange shades, upload images, adjust fonts, and layout your own sports window layout.

Q: How can I add sound outcomes or historical past songs to the sport?

A: Processing supports audio playback, allowing you to contain sound outcomes and music in your sport. You can use the Minim library or explore the sound() the function provided by means of Processing to feature audio factors.

Q: How can I make the sport more difficult?

A: To boom the game’s difficulty, you may put into effect extra functions consisting of growing the snake’s speed over time, including barriers or enemy snakes, enforcing one-of-a-kind game modes, or introducing electricity-that affect gameplay.

Q: Is it feasible to store and load the game development?

A: Yes, you can put in force store and load capability by using storing the game kingdom (snake positions, food region, and so forth.) in a document or the use of information serialization. This permits players to renew the sport from where they left off.

Q: Can I deploy the sport to distinctive platforms or share it with others?

A: Yes, you can export your Processing sport as a standalone executable or app for precise structures. Processing offers equipment for exporting your recreation as an executable document for Windows, macOS, and Linux. Additionally, you can percentage your recreation online or embed it in a website with the use of Processing’s internet export features.

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